There are many different types of wallpaper for walls – all suited to different applications. The interior design world has undergone a lot of transformation since the invention of the first machine that was capable of printing coloured tints on wall coverings by Christophe-Philippe Oberkampf in 1785. A long process of evolution and development over the years has since then led to the birth of modern wallpapers which come in different types and textures and have numerous applications. Here we explore the main types of wallpaper and discuss some of their most distinguishing characteristics.
These are definitely the most common and popular types of wallpaper, mostly because of the fact that they are easy to find in any design store and are also the most affordable. The main component here is cellulose and the wallpaper can either be double layered (duplex) or single layered (simplex). They are mostly used in dining rooms and bedrooms, particularly children’s bedrooms, because they are ecological and help in room ventilation. Most of the well-known ‘Sanderson’ and William Morris’ wallpapers have cellulose as their main component.
This wallpaper has no decorative or printed finish and is not very decorative in nature, which is why it is mostly used on ceilings and bare walls that are waiting to be papered with a more decorative wallpaper or to be painted over. Lining wallpaper is mostly used to hide or disguise previous strong colours so as to allow for the application of lighter colours.
Embossed or Textured Wallpaper
Embossed wallpaper is used on plain walls for contrast and depth as well as to hide any defects on the walls and are usually available in textures ranging from dramatic geometrics to soft imprints on fabric. Taupe, stone and cream are some of the most popular colours. The main disadvantage of this wallpaper is that it sticks fast to the walls and can be very hard to peel off.
Also another popular type of wallpaper, vinyl wallpaper has a plastic upper coating and a backing layer made of fibre or paper. Vinyl is affordable, light resistant, washable and very durable although they do not allow proper breathing of the rooms and can extract toxic fumes if used on rooms with poor ventilation. Pattern and colour can vary greatly and they can be made to imitate stone, wood, concrete, etc.
Liquid wallpaper is made of cotton fibre and cellulose, liquid wallpaper is applied using a special pallet while still in their liquid form. This allows them to be used even on walls with defects and uneven surfaces and makes them very easy to repair. It has good thermal and sound insulation, is ecological and allows the rooms to breathe. The only serious disadvantage is that it can easily get rinsed off by water.
Non-woven is the trending wallpaper at the moment and is made by blending synthetic and natural fibres. They allow the room to breathe, are tear-resistant, easy to repair and the most ecological of all the wallpapers. The only problem is that they are non-washable and quite expensive.
Bamboo is environmentally friendly, having been made from bamboo, and does not easily discolour over time. However they are not easy to clean and should not be used in areas where they can stain easily. Bamboo wallpaper can be quite expensive and also accumulates a lot of dust.
Fabric wallpapers can be made from grasscloth, linen, cotton, felt, silk, raffia, feathers or twines and are the most elite of the wallpaper types. They are flame-retardant, breathable and stain resistant but, unfortunately, they are also very highly priced.
Fibreglass wallpaper is sheet material made by weaving and binding together glass fibres and they are incredibly strong as well as eco-friendly. They are also flame resistant, light in weight and have great insulating properties that help them prevent the growth of mould. On the downside, they have very low flexibility and are also very expensive.
The Paint Deco Company has a wide range of specialist wallpapering installation services in Melbourne.There are so many different types of wallpaper for walls suited for different purposes. A small amount of research will ensure you choose the right wall covering for your next project!